Fierla I., , Geografia gospodarcza Polski, PWE, Warszawa. 2. Węcławowicz G., , Przestrzeń i społeczeństwo współczesnej Polski, Studium z geografii. czy w Poznaniu, Katedra Ekonomii i Polityki Gospodarczej w Agrobiznesie, ul. Wojska Polskie- According to Fierla  natural conditions are basic but passive development fac- tors. .. In: Geografia gospodarcza Polski. Ed. I. Fierla. PWE. Abstrakty. Analizy przekształceń infrastruktury transportowej Polski dokonano w . Lijewski T., Infrastruktura, [w:] Geografia gospodarcza Polski, pod. red I. Fierli, .
|Published (Last):||13 February 2007|
|PDF File Size:||17.90 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||10.38 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Copyright by University of Lodz. In recent years transport in Poland has gone gospodagcza a phase of considerable changes both as regards its infrastructure and the character of transportations. Inthe public transport means i.
Method and Criteria of Assessment:. As regards the number of passengers, the largest airports are the following: The Polish sea transport fleet numbered ships of a total cargo carrying capacity of 2, thousand tons DWT and gross capacity 1, thousand tons GT.
The number of passengers served by national airports is growing dynamically. A slight increase in the amount of conveyance has been recorded as regards the sea transport. Basically, the idea of using long-distance navigable routes has been abandoned.
Regional Geography of Poland
You are not logged in log in. The period of development has been especially marked in modern flexible branches which are able to gospoearcza to the needs of the transport market, such as road, air and – partially – sea transport.
Gospodagcza the other hand, some regress has been recorded in branches such as rail and inland water transport, whose infrastructure – due to the considerable capital intensity and inertia of the connections system – has faced difficulty adapting to the changing expectations of the market.
Course descriptions are protected by copyright. The skills of interpretation Polish elements of the natural environment and its current management as a result of natural, historical and political transformation, comprehensive knowledge of the characteristics of the geographical environment on a regional basis, the region and their individual characteristics.
A drop in the amount of rail transport was visible in the road, air and sea transport, whereas conveyance by the rail and inland water transport increased. The processes have not been prevented by either structural or economic transformations within the Polish State Railways Group.
Faculty of Geographical Sciences. The air transport is experiencing a boom, chiefly due to the opening of the market of the so-called cheap airlines.
Struktura przestrzenna rolnictwa 4. The lecture and exercises is to provide natural and socio-economic characteristics Polish geographical regions. There is mainly local transport of aggregates used in construction industry run along it. Inthe Polish Railways conveyed Motorways of the length of km and express roads of the length of km were under construction, motorways of another km in length were at different stages of bidding procedures.
Inthe length of the railways network in Poland amounted gfografia 20, km, including 8, km of two- and more-track lines; there gosposarcza 11, km rierla rails connected to the system of 3kV direct current. Basically, a large portion of the network, especially lines of secondary or local importance are undergoing accelerated devastation.
The aim of the geografix is to explain the differences in the natural and socio-economic as well as the facts and the processes that shaped them and the Polish presentation on the background of the European structures. There is a progressing decline of the railways network as more and more fragments of it are being liquidated, others are having passenger and goods conveyance withdrawn. Przemiany gospodarcze Polski 3. Skip to main menu Skip to submenu Skip to content.
It is particularly in the development of this branch of transport that one can notice a clear-cut technical barrier which is posed by the state of the road infrastructure, especially the lack of sufficiently developed motorway network and through highways.
In recent years, the road transport has experienced a rapid development, which manifests itself mainly in the growing number of passenger vehicles, as well as improvement of availability of transport-related services as regards both passenger and goods conveyance, rendered – in their majority – by private transport firms. The average age of the ships amounted to 20 years.
The transportation of commodities amounted to The river route of the Odra River is especially suitable to play such a role. University of Lodz – Central Authentication System. Inin Poland, the total length of exploited roads of different categories amounted to Lecture, 30 hours more information Practice class, 30 hours more information.
irena fierla pdf merge – PDF Files
Inthe Polish airports served 18, thousand passengers. Knowledge of Polish geographical environment, basic knowledge of geology, hydrology, climatology, geography, settlement, social geography, industrial gografia. The conveyance of passengers amounted to Considerable regress has occurred relating to the inland river transport which makes use of mutually isolated, short-distance navigable sections of the Odra River and the Vistula.
Modernization of wharves has also geograffia advanced, the aim of which is to raise the loading capacity and to introduce services of specialist and intermodal container terminals transport on a greater scale. In relation to the potential geogrwfia the landscape will be outlined historical perspectives on contemporary social influencing economic picture selected Polish regions.
Towards the end ofin Poland, the length of the through highways amounted to 2, km, including km of motorways, km of express roads two- and one-carriageway ones and 1, km of two-lane roads of national and regional oplski. Raport roczny grupy PKP za lataWarszawa. In a situation like this it is hard to expect that the requirements relating to the EU transport policy of sustainable development of all the transport branches, as well as to priorities for pro-ecological forms transport, which rail and inland water transport undoubtedly are, will be met.
Jagoda GuzAnita Wolaniuk. The number of passengers using ferry lines, mainly run to Scandinavian ports is growing steadily. As a result of completion of this course the student should: The rail transport is experiencing the hardest moment.
The Transformations of the Transport Infrastructure in Poland. The total length of the ogspodarcza roads of national importance was 18, km, that of regional ones – 28, km, county roads – gospoodarcza, commune roads – 99, km. Inall the branches of transport conveyed 1,