Calopogonium is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Faboideae. Calopogunium mucunoides is a vine that. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Calopogonium. Species: C. mucunoides. Status. Scientific Name. Calopogonium mucunoides Desv. Synonyms. Calopogonium brachycarpum (Benth.) Benth. ex Hemsl. Calopogonium orthocarpum Urb.

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This species is able to grow in partially shaded areas but is not tolerant of heavy shade Cook et al. The effect of calopo and associated legumes in improving soil fertility may last for 14 – 16 years. DM yield, root growth and nodulation decrease markedly as light transmission decreases. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. However, in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil, where pastures may naturally contain a significant amount of the legumegrazing cattle have been observed consuming plants without any problems.

The chromosome number for C. Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. Compositional data of feeds and concentrates. Ecological Role As a legume, the plant helps to improve soil fertility with its nitrogen-fixing bacteria found in the root nodules.

For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Grows on a wide range of soil types, but prefers clay soils with pH 4. Also naturalised on Christmas Island and in other tropical regions of the world e. However, the legume percentage decreased linearly from the first to the third year under grazing Euclides et al.

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Can also be established into cultivated strips prepared using disc harrows. Study on nutritive value of tropical forages in North Sumatra, Indonesia.

The upper part of the stem is twining. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.

Although not widely used, calologonium is the most popular legume amongst Brazilian farmers and is the legume seed produced in greatest volume in Brazil Pizarro, Plants are not tolerant of frost[ ]. In these areas, populations are extending rapidly and it has been observed to form dense mats that smother native vegetation. Flora of China Editorial Committee, This QR Code is unique to this page. Leaflets are elliptic or ovate, x cm, hairy on both surfaces.

Leguminosae – Lotoideae no Brasil. We are currently updating this section.

Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet

You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page C.

Report to the Republic of Palau: A large germplasm collection was assessed by Pizarro and Carvalhowho reported significant variation in DM productivity, dry season leaf retention, nutritive value IVDMDseed yield and natural habitat collection site. Calopo seeds can be broadcast on the ground, mixed with ashes or oversown in natural pastures FAO, Use of pre and post-emergence herbicides or hand weeding promotes the establishment of calopo.


May act as an annual in seasonally dry environments. It is recommended to graze it mcuunoides with rest periods of 8 to 12 weeks Chin Chen Peng et al.

Calopogonium mucunoides – Useful Tropical Plants

calopogoniuum Established well when broadcast into upland rice following the final weeding. Symposium on sustainable agriculture: Because this species has been intentionally planted as a forage legume, green manure, cover crop and soil improver, it is widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions.

In Australia this species is considered a serious weed in sugarcane and groundnut plantations Cooks et al.

Growing, Processing, Sustainable Production: Detailed decription of more than grassland species. Although not widely used, calopo is the most popular legume amongst Brazilian farmers and is the legume seed produced in greatest volume in Brazil Pizarro, Assessment of the nutritive value of the seeds of some tropical legumes as feeds for mucunoidse.

Longevity and Phenology Mucunoldes humid tropical conditions, C. Chemical composition of selected green plants available to small ruminants in the dry season in humid Nigeria.

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Flowering in calopo is initiated by short days.