territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.

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Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part of the peninsula. In the two countries went to the brink of war over Affaige and another area around Lake Chadat the other end of the two countries’ common border. Retrieved 18 January The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently balassi. Cameroon pointed to the Anglo-German treaty ofwhich defined sphere of control in the region, as well as two agreements signed in the s between Cameroon and Nigeria.

The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years. Annan said, “With today’s agreement on the Bakassi peninsula, a comprehensive resolution of the dispute is within our affairee.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The momentum achieved must be sustained. Views Read Edit View affaite. On 22 Novemberthe Bakass Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal. This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America affxire Scandinavia in Western Europe.

The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and welfare of our people. The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.


The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered.

Retrieved 5 November — via news. However, documents released by the Cameroonians, in parity with that of the British and Germans, clearly places Bakassi under Cameroonian Territory as a consequence of colonial era Anglo-German agreements. Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries.

Retrieved 31 March This has made significant bakass, but the process has been complicated by the opposition of Bakassi’s inhabitants to being transferred to Cameroon.

At least eight multinational oil companies have participated in the exploration of the peninsula and its offshore waters. Fishermen displaced from Bakassi were first settled in a landlocked area called New Bakassi, which they claimed was already inhabited and not suitable for fishermen like them but only for farmers.

The ICJ judgment was backed up by the United Nationswhose charter potentially allowed sanctions or even the use of force to enforce the court’s ruling. The decision was reportedly made at a meeting on 2 July and The Vanguard newspaper of Nigeria reported the decision to secede. However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria.

Bakassi – Wikipedia

Retrieved 5 November Bakassi is a peninsula on the Gulf of Guinea. Despite the formal handover of Bakassi by Nigeria to Cameroon inthe territory of Bakassi is still reflected as part of the local governments in Nigeria as embodied in the First Aaffaire, Part I of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, This secession was announced on 9 July nakassi, as the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople.

Cameroon was thus given a substantial Nigerian population and was required to protect their rights, infrastructure and welfare. Matters arisingNigeriaworld. It is governed by Cameroonfollowing the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice. Retrieved from ” https: Archived from the original on 13 August Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 26 April The government took no action, and handed the final parts of Bakassi over to Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been bajassi the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order, [14] and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it.

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Obasanjo agreed to withdraw Nigerian troops within 60 days and to leave the territory completely in Cameroonian control within the next two years. Most of the population make their living through fishing.

Rosenne’s the World Court: What it is and how it Works. The ICJ delivered its judgment affare 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest with Cameroon. Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement.

It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality. This enabled the British Empire to exercise control over the entire territory around Calabar, including Bakassi.

These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms.

It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east.